Tag Archives: anti-smoking regulation
Packs of cigarettes and other tobacco products will be removed from the shelves in the supermarkets across Great Britain from Friday, as the latest legislation prohibiting their display in shops enters into effect.
Tobacco products will be stored hidden in closed shelves or under the counter according the stringent anti-smoking regulation implemented in England.
The measure obliges all supermarkets and large stores to remove cigarette displays at the points of their sale with allowed temporary displays under “particular limited circumstances”.
The law’s implementation was postponed until April 2015 for small shops, newsagents and tobacco stores in order to give them enough time to re-designate their venues.
Lawmakers claim that banning tobacco from displays will help to discourage teenagers and young adults from taking up smoking habit.
The New York City will start implementing its resolute ban on smoking in public places, but the majority of smokers state that they would rather fight against than quit.
A lot of Marlboro men and women state that they will break Mayor Bloomberg’s Smoke Free Air Act, which was approved in February and will come into effect on May 23.
The new law prohibits smoking in beaches, public parks and Brooklyn Heights Promenade, where it will be very soon illicit to light up and walk. Those who infringe the law will have to pay a $50 fine.
“This situation is unfair because we pay $12 or $13 per pack of cigarettes and now we found that there is no place where we could smoke them. But I will risk and continue to smoke in public,” stated Leor Hadar as he smoked on the Boardwalk.
Bloomberg has been pushing the law, underlining the dangers of secondhand smoke, pointing that even slight exposure to cigarette smoke can cause asthma attacks and various respiratory diseases.
According to a research, about 7,500 New Yorkers die annually from cigarette smoke, and a great number of non-smokers have significant levels of nicotine in their blood.
“The evidences are clear, continuous exposure to secondhand smoke whether at home or in public affect your health,” stated Mayor Bloomberg.
“This is silly. Should we now avoid cabs, bases and everything that possesses harm and affects our health? There are a lot of places that do that,” stated Boerum Hill resident Addy Fox.
Several others smokers stated that the city must not urge them to stop smoking, especially in public places.
“Being in a park, you always have the choice to walk away from those who smoker,” said Josh Black.
One more complicated matter is that smoking is not prohibited on state park that means that smokers can light up at East River State Park and Brooklyn Bridge Park when they want.
In 2002 Bloomberg, being a former smoker significantly raised taxes on tobacco products from $0.08 to $1.50 per package. In the following year he removed cigarettes from bars and restaurants.
And last year the state under the Bloomberg’s guidance, increased taxes with an extra $1.60 per package, thus the price of 20 cigarettes is $14.
At the same time Bloomberg donated hundreds of millions to anti-smoking campaigns. Probably the main problem is that a lot of smokers doubt that the city will be able to implement this new law.
Major tobacco companies are doing their best to turn average smokers into the rebels by the latest underground campaign promoting mass protests against hefty taxes, regulations and smoking bans.
The campaign named “I Deserve to Be Heard” comprises putting small notes into cigarette packs sending smokers to certain website stating: “It’s time to tell the government you’ve had enough”.
The Australian government states it will concentrate efforts on eliminating the tobacconists’ campaign, as the spokesperson for Australian Minister of Health said the campaign is a vivid example of how low tobacco industry is ready to go to promote their dangerous goods.
Anti-tobacco organizations are shocked by the latest strategy, naming the campaign arrogant and unprecedented.
Local smokers have faced two considerable hikes in cigarette taxes during the last 12 months and the number of venues where puffing is permitted is decreasing annually since the federal and state legislatures implement extensions to cover more places by the bans.
Smoking is prohibited throughout the country in bars, clubs, cafes, restaurants, business centers and other places, while several states have prohibited, or intend to prohibit lighting up on beaches, parks and other outdoor facilities.
Business owners criticize the new regulations as well, especially after the lawmakers approved the law to require cigarettes to be sold in generic packages and under the counter, and implemented a set of further restrictions on marketing and advertising.
The I Deserve to Be Heard public campaign was introduced by Philip Morris International’s Australian unit, which markets Marlboro cigarettes, the world’s best-selling tobacco brand, L&M, and other world-known cigarette brands.
The campaign encourages adult smokers to contact their MP and support their smoking electorate.
The campaign has three targets – tax increases, smoking bans in outdoor venues, and generic packaging of cigarettes.
“Australia has been one of the most over-governed countries across the developed nations,” according to the website.
“If you are a smoker, you are definitely annoyed and frustrated.”
Philip Morris Limited issued a written statement, saying that the campaign concentrates on giving people who purchase the company’s products the chance to make their opinion heard regarding the excessive and senseless laws which affect them.
A spokesperson for Nicola Roxon, Australian Minister of Health stated the government was preparing to fight with the campaign, and considering the legal fight as well.
“Tobacco companies don’t want people to know that about 75 percent of adult smokers attempt to stop smoking or reduce consumption annually – people are aware that smoking is a deadly habit, while the smoking rate is dropping,” the spokesperson added.
The Ohio Supreme Court ruled without a single dissenting vote that State reserves set aside a decade ago specially for smoking prevention programs remained state money and might be allocated for other purposes.
“I do not think that this legislation is constitutional, it would be better to spend those reserves for their original purpose,” stated Justice Paul Pfeifer.
“The General Assembly has full legislative power and executing that power it estimated Ohio’s budget priorities and adopted a law which allowed tacking those State reserves for other purposes. We can’t judge General Assembly action but we can determine whether it exercises its power in conformity with Ohio Constitution,” he said.
The current case pits health-care advocates who waited for the money to be allocated on anti-smoking programs against those health-care officials whose presented programs promised the money in the operating budget.
The lower court discovered that legislators developed an irrevocable trust with their anti-smoking foundation in 2000, a trust that even they couldn’t break.
The decision ends after approximately three-year fluctuating battle over part of Ohio’s share of a $10 billion, long-term national settlement with leading tobacco manufacturers as R.J. Reynolds and Philip Morris.
Over the last years, the foundation had seen as usually that its settlement checks are allocated to other purposes before reaching the foundation.
The organization’s committee tried to hand over $190 million of its money to a foundation that had the same anti-smoking aim. That would have left Ohio foundation with about $40 million it is less than a year’s amount allocated for its programs which are aimed at helping smokers to kick the habit.
Money was eventually transferred in the current budget to sponsor Medicaid adult dental and vision services; breast cancer screenings and health-care coverage for children.
“I am sure that this is a great achievement for children’s health care in Ohio. At present Ohio has enough funds to assure that all children will have full access to admissible health care system, despite their financial situation. This important decision excepts state funds that can be used in order to make lives of many families and their children better,” Mr. Strickland stated.
Robert G. Miller, who was a beneficiary of one of the smoking cessation programs sponsored by the foundation, was one of the claimants in the case. At the process, the court found out that he and his colleagues didn’t have the right to that money.
In conformity with the latest research published in the Britain Journal of Medicine, over 1,200 heart infarctions were prevented across the country within 14 months since the implementation of anti-smoking regulation.
In the first research since the implementation of the ban the numbers of heart attacks in adult patients reported by hospitals throughout England from the five years prior to the introduction of the smoke-free legislation in July 2007, were compared with the information collected during 14 months after the ban had entered into effect.
The research carried out by the University of Bath scientists concluded that emergency hospital admissions for myocardial seizures decreased by 2.4% in the 14 months after England banned smoking in enclosed public spaces.
Forced to light up outside, smokers reduce the numbers of cigarettes consumed daily, resulting in the reduction in heart attacks among both smokers and non-smokers.
This reduction in coronary heart diseases helped Nationwide Health System save approximately £8.4million and prevented nearly 200 deceases.
The rate of survivors from heart attacks in England is 85%, so 1,200 cases of prevented infarctions could result in nearly 180 deaths, which have been prevented thanks to would be expected to die.
Scientists consider that myocardial infarctions are only one of numerous diseases caused by tobacco use and passive smoking that were decreased after the implementation of smoke-free policy.
Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) director Deborah Arnott admitted that reduction in lung cancer rates will also be reported very soon.
Study has already shown that smoke-free legislation has considerably decreased the exposure to environmental tobacco smoke among non-smoking population and minors, which will as well, led to further benefits for public health.
Both smoking and passive smoking is believed to rise the likeability of heart seizure by contributing to the blood becoming more predisposed to clotting, lessening the amount of ‘good’ cholesterol and increasing the jeopardy of higher heart rhythms.
England is home to 23% of smokers among adult male population and 21% of smokers among adult women. According to NHS, there are 230,000 myocardial infarctions reported across England annually, with more than a half of them in adults aged 40-75 years.
Callum Young, senior manager at the British Heart Foundation, stated the Foundation praises the research’s results, which have demonstrated that many lives have been saved because of the introduction of smoke-free policy.
He added they are looking forward to other studies focused on examining the rates of other health complications related to smoking, as not only cardiovascular system is harmed by smoking.
Public health groups have also expressed delight by the results of the latest research and urged the lawmakers to intensify the efforts on reducing tobacco use, by cracking down the black market and prohibiting cigarette vending machines.