Tag Archives: cigarettes
“Gangnam Style” is set to hit Canada, however, don’t start looking for tickets to the PSY show
‘Gangnam Style,’ which become world-known, thanks to a sensationally popular single by Korean super star PSY, is now targeting Canada in a very unusual way.
Smokers celebrate, as Obama Administration turns down draconian proposal targeting smokers.
The Administration of President Obama this week successfully turned down one of the provisions of the federal public health legislation, which would have permitted insurance providers within the small group segment of the market to oblige smokers pay about a half more than those who do not smoke for insurance.
In accordance with the introduced bill, workers who consume tobacco in any form, may escape from paying these larger premiums in case they agree to take part in a smoking cessation programs.
The leading tobacco companies state the new regulations oblige them to place federal anti-smoking warnings more prominently than their branding on packs.
Leading tobacconists request a judge to stop new health warning labels on cigarette packs, which comprise shocking pictures of dead lungs and other diseases, since they unfairly promote taking off a legal product from the market and will cost millions to make.
“It is the first time in the United States history that manufacturers of legal products were obliged to use the packaging of these products as advertising of governmental campaign against these products, and calling adult customers to shun them,” the plaintiffs wrote in the note to the lawsuit submitted to federal court located in Washington.
As it was expected, Ukraine has submitted a complained to the World Trade Organization (WTO) regarding the Australian government’s legislation banning logos and branding of cigarettes and other tobacco products on the grounds that the measure is an infringement of the international regulations on intellectual property.
Australia became the first country across the world to oblige cigarette makers pack their products in identical generic packs. From December 1st, 2012, cigarettes will be selling in olive-colored packs, lacking any logos or images, besides the graphic health warning labels. The world’s leading tobacco companies , among which are British American Tobacco, Imperial Tobacco and Japan Tobacco International, have pledged to contest the legislation, which Australian lawmakers plan to extend to comprise loose tobacco and cigars.
Ukraine states the peer-reviewed evidence on which the legislation is based is arguable and not sufficient, while plain-packaging regulations will not help to meet the country’s public health goals, but simply contribute to growth of the black market of fake cigarettes.
Going cold turkey is the most popular way of getting rid of smoking, according to a study carried out by the University of Sydney Department of Public Health researches. Since nearly 60 percent of smokers managed to quit smoking permanently through this method, the scientists wanted to find out why.
The study is performed by a team of researchers, led by Dr. Sally Dunlop, who is specializing in the determinants of behaviors related to health. The objectives of the study were identified as investigation of causes and ways why cigarette smokers opt for different methods for quitting smoking.
Officially named as ‘unassisted cessation‘ this method of quitting is considered the most effective and successful way to stop smoking. However, Dr. Dunlop believes this method has not been studied and used as together with other methods of smoking cessation applied across the nation.
Cigarette manufacturer Lorillard Inc.’s second-quarter net profit increased more than 10% as it sold Newport and Maverick cigarette brands at higher prices.
The third largest tobacco company cautioned that its third-quarter cigarette volumes will be affected because wholesalers stocked more than usual last year, and that could damage its earnings.
Lorillard gives significant attention to promotion of its brands, most of all on it currently launched non-menthol version of Newport.
The manufacturer didn’t give any guidance for this particular quarter.
Its shares dropped $5, or 4.4 %, ending trading at $107.29.
Investment analyst Vivien Azer declared that the company’s shares were under considerable pressure due to concerns about increase slowing down in the second half of the year, but the sell-out is “overdone.”
Lorillard spokesman stated that company’s net profit increased to $291 million, or $2.05 per share, for the period till June 30, up from $263 million, or $1.73 per share, a year earlier. The per-share figure was lifted due to lower number of outstanding shares.
The volume of cigarettes Lorillard sold increased about 10% to approximately 10.8 billion cigarettes on profits of 9.6 % from its Newport brand and nearly 21 % for its lower-priced Maverick brand, while it expected a 1.3 % decrease for the whole industry.
According to the company’s representative their non-menthol Newport cigarettes, launched in November, presented the bulk of the increase in Newport shipments during the quarter, but it also underlined that the price of promoting it affected its profit.
Competitors Reynolds American Inc. and Altria Group Inc. both declared selling fewer tobacco products in the same quarter.
Increased unemployment and growing cigarette prices and taxes have led many smokers to switch to lower-priced brands during the recession trying to save money. Lorillard’s Maverick and Reynolds American’s Pall Mall have been among the beneficiaries.
The majority of tobacco enterprises have been increasing prices and dropping costs in order to maintain profits up, as the recession and reducing demand affected cigarette sales. Tax increases and smoking bans have made cigarettes industry stricter.
Lorillard’s retail market share raised 1.4 points within the quarter to 14.2 % of the U.S. market. Newport’s share of the menthol cigarettes was firm at 36.6 %, while its main competitors have increased efforts to confer some of the raising menthol market.
The company’s gross revenue dropped to 35.4 % due to promotional costs for Newport non-menthol.
Lorillard it is the last one of the country’s largest tobacco companies to present second-quarter results.
The first was Altria Group, holding company of Marlboro producer Philip Morris, which declared that, while cigarette sales dropped, the prices were increasing. The top-brand Marlboro also lost its market share.
Today the leading cigarette manufacturer Philip Morris started a legal suit against the Australian government, which plans to remove company logos from cigarette packages and substitute them with horrible images depicting the consequences of smoking.
The government supposes that these images featuring blinded eyes, cancerous mouths and many other awful things will make the cigarette package less attractive to smokers.
Australian government authorities also think that the new regulations will make the country the world’s rigorous place on tobacco advertising.
But several enraged cigarette producers have since threatened lawsuits, declaring that the move illegally decreases the value of their trademarks. Philip Morris is one of those companies to lay an action for compensation.
“We would expect that the compensation would constitute billions,” said Philip Morris representative Anna Edwards.
The legislation, which will be revised by the Parliament, would prohibit cigarette manufacturers from placing their logos and various attractive images on cigarette packages. Brand names will instead be printed in a quite small font and depict large graphic warnings and grisly colored images of the consequences of smoking. The law would be gradual, starting in January 2012.
Hong Kong-based Philip Morris Asia Limited, laid an action on Monday declaring that the legislation infringes a bilateral investment treaty between Australia and Hong Kong. The tobacco enterprise states that the treaty defends the companies’ property, such as trademarks. The plain packaging plan strictly decreases the value of the company’s trademark, according to Anna Edwards.
“Our cigarette brands are the one and the most indisputable key valuable assets that we possess as a company – it is what allows us compete and moreover it’s what empowers us to differentiate our products. This move would significantly mean the confiscation of our brand in Australia,” Edwards stated.
Authorities are also eager to move forward the message that smoking affects your children.
The government disclaims that the given plan infringes any laws and declared that it would not stop.
“Our authorities are resolute more than ever to undertake everything they can in order to decrease the hazard caused by smoking,” Health Minister Nicola Roxon stated.
“We won’t permit be frightened by various tobacco companies, which take legal actions,” said Prime Minister Julia Gillard.
She also ignored Philip Morris’ threats stating that they are not going to allow tobacco producers to implement their skilful tactics.
The legal action laid on Monday starts a three-moth period of collaborations the two parties.
Philip Morris declared if a positive outcome is not achieved by the end of this period, it will require arbitration. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) introduced similar graphic warnings for cigarette packaging last week.
The largest cigarette producers could compensate $2 billion under an advised deal with attorney general of the State in order to settle a prolonged dispute over payments required by the landmark 1998 tobacco settlement.
Negotiators for Altria Group Inc.’s Philip Morris USA and other cigarette enterprises have achieved a provisional deal with officials representing the 46states that signed the 1998 Settlement Agreement.
Native American cigarette brands, as for instance Seneca, account for more than 4% of U.S. volume.
The given agreement would permit leading tobacco companies to keep part of the funds they have kept from states or disputed under the 1998 pact, in accordance to which they agreed to pay about $200 billion in order to help states charge the costs of curing sick smokers.
In concordance with the new deal, moneyless states would obtain several billion of the contested dollars. The deals also would review the rules to how states charge fees and taxes from smaller enterprises that haven’t joined the 1998 agreement.
If the deal will be introduced, the main loser could be Native American tobacco companies, which have become powerful competitors with their cheap brands. The deal would require states to introduce rules demanding these enterprises to start paying sate excise duties and fees for sales on tribal lands, which could oblige them to raise prices. Advocates representing Indian cigarette interests are currently threatening legal challenges.
“What the states and companies are doing is not right. All states under the present deal would be disputing tribal economies in order to protect largest tobacco companies’ market shares,” stated Lance Morgan, chief manager of the Ho-Chunk Inc., which distributes tobacco products on tribal lands.
Native American brands as King Mountain, Mohawk and Seneca account for approximately 4% of the U.S. cigarette volumes, according to Morgan Stanley findings.
Altria, Reynolds American Inc. and Lorillard Inc. refused to comment on the issue.
Several states have adopted laws requiring the nonparticipating enterprises to put money aside in escrow accounts. In 2010, the U.S. market share of nonparticipating enterprises increased to 6.5%, the highest figure since 2004, when it remained at 8.27%.
In order to decrease their annual payment, the largest tobacco companies should demonstrate that their market-share loss is mostly due to the agreement. They successively have observed the condition, according to enactments by independent consultants.
An arbitration committee has started examining the issue in determining how to proceed with about $1.1 billion in disputed 2003 payments.
How much the enterprises would gain through the new agreement depends mostly on how many states participate in it. In case all states and U.S. territories in the 1998 agreement sign on, the tobacco enterprises would gain nearly $2 billion.
Chris Nelson, representative of the PMI, stated the tobacco industry may have problems in surpassing last year’s record sales due to the increase in the excise duties, which affected cigarette products. Nelson also stated that the increasing political crisis in the Middle East, which is the main destination for Filipino workers, might also be a reason of the slump in the demand for cigarettes.
“Last year, it was the case with significant volumes and a great demand. But this year our sales might suffer, tacking into account current situation in the Middle East,” the representative stated without giving any details.
“We shouldn’t forget about the increase in excise duties in January and higher prices would clearly influence demand,” Nelson declared.
But the market would proceed to develop because of propitious demographic like the country’s growing adult population.
“The industry’s growth has always been associated with the country’s population, which has been increasing by 1.7 % to 1.8% annually. Since 2005 the industry has increased by about 2%.
“The market is rather price sensitive since it is an indicator of the consumer’s expendable income. Any sudden tax increase would weaken the market. It would be judiciously to admit that the demand would be influenced but overall, the industry prospect, not peculiar to 2011, is favorable. The only warning is that the right excise duty system should be in place,” Nelson stated.
The cigarette producer has been forcing for the prolongation of the present excise duty system, which is expiring in 2013.
“Excise duties collection on tobacco products have raised significantly to P31.6 billion last year, surpassing the government’s objective of P25 billion. This proves one more time, that the system works and there is no motive for it to be changed,” Nelson said.
The Act Increasing the Excise Duties Rates Imposed on Alcohol and Tobacco Products, stipulates for increases every two years from 2005 to 2001. The scheme settles that alcohol and cigarettes are placed in four categories with changing duty rates.
“There are few laws in many countries which produced such an effect as the RA 9334 that permitted government to levy more taxes and at the same time. It is an evident success, which works very well,” Nelson said.
Starting from January 1, all cigarettes packed by machine with the net retail prices of less than P5 (0.11 USD) per package would be levied P2.72 (0.06 USD).
Scientists from China stated they have discovered a method to use million of cigarette butts discarded by smokers everywhere – on streets, parks, playgrounds and other places – the butts can be used as corrosion protection for steel pipes.
The remainders of the smoked cigarettes, which are considered to be the major form of litter across the world, contain chemicals that could hurt the environment, kill marine debris etc. However, this problem may be solved, if scientists discovered new ways to use cigarette butts.
“If you use public transport and make a lot of walking you can confirm that cigarette butts can be seen everywhere, on the streets, grass and even beaches ,” stated Jun Zhao, a Xi’an Jiaotong University Ph.D. student at the. “So, we though it was very important to carry out a research project about the protection of the environment.”
The research is especially important for China, home to almost 30 percent of the world’s smokers, a number nearly the same as the whole population of the United States. Chine is also the largest cigarette maker and tobacco grower in the world.
The research group led by Zhao declared last week they have discovered that cigarette remnants absorbed in water can assist in protection of steel pipes used by the oil industry for offshore drilling from the corrosion.
The results of the study can be read in the Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research Journal published by the American Chemical Society.
Jun Zhao admitted she decided to carry out the research when she saw that the butts change their usual brown color to the antiseptics color after they sunk in the water. This finding inspired the young scientist to try to find out whether the butts and the marine water can enter into reaction.
Zhao began gathering cigarette butts needed for the research almost 1.5 year ago, collecting them from the sidewalks, ground, ashtrays, and even asking her friends who smoked to keep the butts.
“I think I have collected thousands of butts, as I was not sure how many I would need in my research,” she admitted.
The scientists discovered that extracts from water that reacted with cigarette butts could significantly guard N80 sort steel from rusting while being in hydrochloric acid at 194 degrees F. Such steep is generally used in production of oil drilling machinery and it cost oil companies billions of dollars when these pipes rust.
A substance received from burning of cigarettes is what saves steel from rusting, Zhao said, mentioning that she intended to carry out a research on the impact of cigarette butts chemicals in preventing corrosion in other steel types.
Guy D. Davis, Baltimore, MD based consultant specializing on surface treatments research confirmed that the discovery is highly convincing.
Davis has already studied the effects of tobacco chemicals on metals and found out that tobacco appeared to be one of the most effective plant-based inhibitors.
However, usage of tobacco to prevent corrosion in metals has its restrictions, admitted Davis, because it could create an odious smell over time and become a nutrient for mold.