Tag Archives: nicotine addiction

FDA Introduces Nine New Graphic Warnings

Within a few days Food and Drug Administration will introduce nine new graphic warnings that will demonstrate the negative effects of smoking. Among the advised images are diseased teeth and gums and a man with tracheotomy smoking.

The given labels will occupy the top half of the package, both front and back. Graphic warnings also should appear in advertisements and compose 20% of an ad. All cigarette producers should comply with this regulation till the autumn 2012.

New FDA Warnings on cigarette packs

New FDA Warnings on cigarette packs

Assignments to introduce new health warnings were part of a law adopted in 2009 that, for the first time allowed the federal government to regulate tobacco products, including fixing guidelines for marketing and labeling, prohibiting particular products and reducing nicotine. However the law doesn’t permit the FDA prohibit nicotine or tobacco.

The declaration follows reviews of scientific literature, various public comments and results from researches and studies conducted by the FDA.

Some of the warnings proposed last year included a mother blowing smoke in her baby’s face and cigarettes being flushed down to signify quitting. They included such phrases as “Smoking kills you” and “Smoking causes cancer” and demonstrate graphic warnings to prove the dangers of tobacco.

Whether the federal government chose these images for the new labels remains a question. In the last years, nearly 30 countries have implemented labels similar to those introduced by the FDA. The first US warning label was adopted in 1965, which stated “Smoking may be hazardous for your health”. Present labels – a black and white text were placed on cigarette packages in the 80s.

The new warnings come as the rate of Americans who smoke has dropped significantly since 1970, from approximately 40% to about 20%. The rate has delayed since about 2004. About 46 million in the U.S. regularly use tobacco products.

It is incomprehensible why decreases in smoking have stopped. Certain experts have referred to tobacco company discount coupons on smokes or absence of funding for programs to eradicate smoking or to help smoker kick the habit.

As it is impossible to state how many people stop smoking due to graphic warnings, certain studies state that particular labels do push people to quit. The new warnings assure an opportunity for a regular smoker to see warnings on the hazards of smoking more than 7,000 times per year.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) in those countries where graphic warnings were introduced, a great number of smokers considered about quitting.

Tips and strategies to give up smoking (Part III)

If you have read Part I and II of this article, you are already aware of several reasons that keep people lighting up and strategies to give up smoking. Finally, we have reached the last part of the article and today we are going to discuss the most difficult situations when smokers think that giving up is almost impossible. However, we have elaborated some strategies for these reasons. So, let’s discuss the following reasons:

5. I am hooked on cigarettes. I feel nicotine cravings.

Extra question: Do you light up due to at least one of the following reasons?

  • When I haven’t lighted up during a couple of hours I become agitated and nervous and feel a need for a strong for a cigarette.
  • When I lack cigarettes I can not bear cravings until I finally manage to buy smokes.
  • I have a headache when I can not reach a cigarette.

In case your answer is “yes”, “frequently”, “from time to time” to these questions, that is your reason to puff.

stop smoking sign

The majority of long-time regular smokers become chain-smokers after just several years of puffing, since they get addicted to cigarettes and namely to one ingredient – nicotine. And, when these group of smokers hooked on cigarettes decide to give up, many find it impossible since they are not able to overcome nicotine withdrawal period. The withdrawal symptoms range from headaches, tiredness, nervousness, irritation to a strong desire to have at least one drag. Many former smokers compare their cigarette cravings with lost love or missing somebody.

Well, scientists admit that it is very difficult to overcome nicotine addiction and many smokers do no manage to get rid of it on the first try, however, those people who have a strong wish to quit, usually succeed in giving up on third or fourth try. However, once you finally overcome the withdrawal period you would not have any cravings. That is a great source of motivation for many potential quitters. Psychologists have elaborated several strategies that could help get through the cravings and get rid of smoking for the rest of your life. These are most commonly cited tips by ex-smokers.


  • Visit you physician and get some nicotine replacement therapies that would help you overcome nicotine cravings.
  • Discuss your decision to give up smoking with your relatives, ask them to help you. Throw away the ashtrays and reserve of cigarettes. Avoid meeting smokers and visiting places were people smoke.
  • Another advice is to smoke twice as more as you usually do each day since the overdose may ruin your taste for smokes.
  • Consider yourself a non-smoker. Place “No Smoking” signs at home and workplace.
  • Invent several activities that will distract you from missing smoking.
  • Drink much water to wash nicotine from your body.

Remember that nicotine withdrawal lasts during 14-20 days. Be strong and hang on!

6. I am used to smoking, it is a habit.

Extra question: Do you light up due to at least one of the following reasons?

  • I reach for a cigarette automatically each time when I read a newspaper or drink my coffee.
  • I start smoking without looking on my ashtray where I already have a burning cigarette.
  • I realize that I am smoking without remembering when I lighted the cigarette up.

In case your answer is “yes”, “frequently”, “from time to time” to these questions, that is your reason to puff.

If you belong to this group, it means you no longer gain much pleasure from your cigarettes. In contrast to those smokers who puff for pleasure or to get relieved from stress, you would not miss your habit much in case you gave up. The most important part is breaking the smoking habit. So make use of the following strategies that can help you quit.


  • Reduce the number of cigarettes step-by-step. Light up fewer smokes every day or smoke only a half of each cigarette. Try to inhale more seldom and less deeply. Within several weeks it would be much easier for you to give up smoking altogether.
  • Change the habits that accompany smoking. Put your cigarettes to another place. Hold your cigarette with another hand. Stop doing anything else when you light up a cigarette.
  • Smoke only in a particular place, in one room, or even outside your house.
  • When you feel a desire to smoke, stop for a moment and think about other things you can do instead of puffing.
  • Each time you want a cigarette, ask yourself: Do I need this cig? Do I want it to make me cough? It would definitely help you avoid smoking so much.
  • Establish a deadline for quitting smoking completely and keep to it.

E-cigarettes are anything but not safe

Supporters and activists of electronic cigarettes do their best to attract public to these devices. However, their comments and reviews sound rather strange to scientists.

One company claims that e-cigs are like conventional cigarettes but without hazardous chemicals, another producer even states that these devices are “healthy way to keep smoking”.


Exactly these marketing concepts of safe and healthy smoking puzzle and make scientists laugh, since nicotine contained in the electronic cigarettes as well as in conventional ones is addictive. It leads to changes in the brain chemicals, mainly on dopamine hormone – responsible for feeling pleasure and delight. That makes a hard time for a smoker who wants to give up, because they need to keep the high level of dopamine, and as brain is used to receive this hormone, it can not produce it by itself.

American Heart Association once declared that nicotine addiction is known as one of the hardest addictions to break. And let me remind you that electronic cigarettes contain the same nicotine levels as regular cigarettes, thus making it impossible for a smoker to quit his nicotine addiction.

According to the National Institute of Health, one common cigarette delivers up to 10 milligrams of nicotine. At the same time, an e-cigarette can deliver nicotine varying from 0 to around 16 milligrams that is the highest nicotine level above all cigarettes including regular. Thus, companies who are advertising electronic cigarettes as the future of smoking and healthy alternative to smoking undermine all the previous effort aiming at smoking cessation.

Health authorities become more and more concerned with the spread of these devices since they are new and people may be confused believing that smoking e-cigs would not bring health complication. They are also especially worried that these “healthy” cigarettes can attract children and people who don’t smoke.

The World Health Organization once again made a warning, declaring that there was no scientific evidence to support the statement that electronic cigarettes could be a safe alternative for smoking, or a means to give up smoking.

Unlike other nicotine replacement therapies as gum, patches, or pills that give regulated shots, e-cigarettes haven’t been thoroughly tested. The majority of the sales are completed by means of the Internet stores; the prices for e-cigs vary from $60 to $240 depending on type of kit and brand popularity. Several refill cartridges alone cost equally as a pack of cigarettes.

The FDA has “detained and refused” several e-cigarettes brands because they were unregulated and unapproved and could not be marketed legally in the U.S.

So there is a simple question – if e-cigs are marketed as smoking cessation therapy why should we pay this enormous sum of money for unapproved for e-cigs rather than find approved method more suitable and less expensive?