Tag Archives: stop smoking
Within a few days Food and Drug Administration will introduce nine new graphic warnings that will demonstrate the negative effects of smoking. Among the advised images are diseased teeth and gums and a man with tracheotomy smoking.
The given labels will occupy the top half of the package, both front and back. Graphic warnings also should appear in advertisements and compose 20% of an ad. All cigarette producers should comply with this regulation till the autumn 2012.
Assignments to introduce new health warnings were part of a law adopted in 2009 that, for the first time allowed the federal government to regulate tobacco products, including fixing guidelines for marketing and labeling, prohibiting particular products and reducing nicotine. However the law doesn’t permit the FDA prohibit nicotine or tobacco.
The declaration follows reviews of scientific literature, various public comments and results from researches and studies conducted by the FDA.
Some of the warnings proposed last year included a mother blowing smoke in her baby’s face and cigarettes being flushed down to signify quitting. They included such phrases as “Smoking kills you” and “Smoking causes cancer” and demonstrate graphic warnings to prove the dangers of tobacco.
Whether the federal government chose these images for the new labels remains a question. In the last years, nearly 30 countries have implemented labels similar to those introduced by the FDA. The first US warning label was adopted in 1965, which stated “Smoking may be hazardous for your health”. Present labels – a black and white text were placed on cigarette packages in the 80s.
The new warnings come as the rate of Americans who smoke has dropped significantly since 1970, from approximately 40% to about 20%. The rate has delayed since about 2004. About 46 million in the U.S. regularly use tobacco products.
It is incomprehensible why decreases in smoking have stopped. Certain experts have referred to tobacco company discount coupons on smokes or absence of funding for programs to eradicate smoking or to help smoker kick the habit.
As it is impossible to state how many people stop smoking due to graphic warnings, certain studies state that particular labels do push people to quit. The new warnings assure an opportunity for a regular smoker to see warnings on the hazards of smoking more than 7,000 times per year.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) in those countries where graphic warnings were introduced, a great number of smokers considered about quitting.
Put away cigarettes at least for a single day, and maybe you will not want to light up again. This message was sent by anti-smoking organization as they celebrate the 35th Annual Great American Smokeout.
It was estimated that more than 400,000 Americans die every year from smoking related diseases, as for instance lung cancer. While Nebraska’s population constitutes 1.8 million, about 2,000 Nebraskans die each year from smoking-related diseases. It was proved long ago that smoking is a real killer and it still continues to be a multibillion dollar industry.
Current decision implemented by the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) to place health warning labels on cigarette packs will be an essential knock over the head, according to Community Connections Tobacco Free Lincoln County Coordinator Megan Shelton.
“People and most of all children are usually too visual. I can run on for hours about the consequences and dangers of smoking, but these graphic packages will be especially effective for those children who are thinking about trying to smoke and also for those who expose themselves and those around them to those dangers by smoking tobacco products,” she stated.
Shelton said that the Great American Smokeout was quite effective in increasing awareness to these problems.
“The problem with tobacco consumption is something that will not hurt anyone. You are not going to smoke one cigarette and have a smoking related disease that day. It is a process that takes time, that is why such a day as the Great American Smokeout is a day that is aimed to encourage people to kick their habit and increase the awareness about the consequences of smoking and the harm that is caused to those who use this dangerous product,” Ms. Shelron said.
Ms. Shelron stated that she hopes that namely this day people will mark as the beginning of a new life, a life where there is no place for tobacco. Also this day is very important in continuing to inform and educate people on tobacco dangers.
The American Cancer Society and the Nebraska Department of Health have a common message for the Great American Smokeout which is “Less smoking, more birthdays”.
“Stopping smoking is probably one of the best things a person can do in order to improve his/her health. I think that The Great American Smokeout is an excellent chance to make the first step in this direction,” declared Dr. Joann Schaefer, the state’s Chief Medical Officer.
The Ohio Supreme Court ruled without a single dissenting vote that State reserves set aside a decade ago specially for smoking prevention programs remained state money and might be allocated for other purposes.
“I do not think that this legislation is constitutional, it would be better to spend those reserves for their original purpose,” stated Justice Paul Pfeifer.
“The General Assembly has full legislative power and executing that power it estimated Ohio’s budget priorities and adopted a law which allowed tacking those State reserves for other purposes. We can’t judge General Assembly action but we can determine whether it exercises its power in conformity with Ohio Constitution,” he said.
The current case pits health-care advocates who waited for the money to be allocated on anti-smoking programs against those health-care officials whose presented programs promised the money in the operating budget.
The lower court discovered that legislators developed an irrevocable trust with their anti-smoking foundation in 2000, a trust that even they couldn’t break.
The decision ends after approximately three-year fluctuating battle over part of Ohio’s share of a $10 billion, long-term national settlement with leading tobacco manufacturers as R.J. Reynolds and Philip Morris.
Over the last years, the foundation had seen as usually that its settlement checks are allocated to other purposes before reaching the foundation.
The organization’s committee tried to hand over $190 million of its money to a foundation that had the same anti-smoking aim. That would have left Ohio foundation with about $40 million it is less than a year’s amount allocated for its programs which are aimed at helping smokers to kick the habit.
Money was eventually transferred in the current budget to sponsor Medicaid adult dental and vision services; breast cancer screenings and health-care coverage for children.
“I am sure that this is a great achievement for children’s health care in Ohio. At present Ohio has enough funds to assure that all children will have full access to admissible health care system, despite their financial situation. This important decision excepts state funds that can be used in order to make lives of many families and their children better,” Mr. Strickland stated.
Robert G. Miller, who was a beneficiary of one of the smoking cessation programs sponsored by the foundation, was one of the claimants in the case. At the process, the court found out that he and his colleagues didn’t have the right to that money.
Tobacco industry is targeting women and girls – World Health Organization declares
The latest report on smoking issued by the World Health Organization (WHO) coming on the threshold of World No-Tobacco Day has showed that women make up 20 percent of 1 billion smokers in the world, and these figures keep growing annually. WHO focused the attention not only to the growing numbers of adult female-smokers, by as well to the growth of smokers among teenage girls.
An international survey on youth tobacco use has demonstrated that tobacco consumption among girls aged 13-16 years, is even higher than that among teenage boys of the same age. According to the survey, 23.6 percent of girls are taking up cigarette compared to 21.5 percent of boys, and these figures are coming despite the fact that sales to minors are prohibited in the majority of countries.
The WHO report as well demonstrates that in Europe adult men constitute 59 percent of all smokers, and women make up 21 percent. While in Western Europe the rates of smokers among men and women are almost equal (33 percent to 28 percent in Germany), Eastern Europe shows the contrary trend with much fewer smokers among women (60 percent to 30 percent in Cyprus and 61 percent to 5 percent in Armenia). And this tendency couldn’t remain unnoticed by tobacco industry that is currently trying to close this gap by luring women into smoking, alleged the survey.
A report in China: Smokers can’t give up without help
According to a report carried out by China Ministry of Public Health and based on a survey of more than 15,000 internet users across the country, the majority of current smokers face many difficulties while trying to quit cold turkey without help of professionals. The report was published in the Life Times newspaper in advance of the World No Tobacco Day celebrated across China on May 31st and funded in part by international grants.
The report authors deduce that 20 percent of smokers trying to quit admitted they needed medical assistance to overcome nicotine addiction, but only 5 percent were able to receive that assistance. Among those smokers who tried to quit on their own 49 percent didn’t manage to do this, and 35 percent of the surveyed smokers admitted they felt physical pain when trying to give up smoking, while 41 percent mentioned that their environment was not favorable for them to get rid of smoking. Whereas the majority of the respondents considered that smoking made up an essential part of their social life, 10 percent of smokers admitted it was fashionable to quit smoking.
Dr. Zuo Fang, director of tobacco cessation program at the Ministry of Public Health said that the most effective smoking cessation strategy is based on medications, medical assistance and strong desire to give up.
The scientist said that without medical assistance, the success rate is less than 5 percent, and when applying scientific approach the chances may rise that figure to over 30 percent.