Tag Archives: women smoking
More than 60 percent of adult male pollution smokes, as well as 40 percent of women!
Leonid Lazebnik, Head of Moscow Department of Health, warned the state officials that the number of severe health complications triggered by smoking is growing very fast and could result in a “national epidemic”, since the adolescent smoking rates keep growing as well.
Dr. Lazebnik stated the picture is rather notorious, as the major part of male population admitted to light up at least several times in their lives, while some twenty years ago smokers accounted for 40 percent of men and only 5 percent of women in Russia.
In addition, the head of Moscow Health Department cited the 2009 data, showing that 25 percent of all residents of the capital smoke, with more than 70 percent of teenagers admitted to try cigarettes at least once, what is a catastrophe, according to the scientist.
Though Dr. Lazebnik did not have at his disposal the information about the spread of illnesses caused by smoking, Moscow and Federal officials, attending the meeting pledged to consider the legislation, which would restrict tobacco sales, increase tobacco taxes and limit smoking in public venues.
Yulia Grimalskaya, vice chairwoman of the Department of Family and Youth declared that they would lose the battle against smoking if they don’t have rigorous anti-smoking laws.
She added they have to prohibit cigarette sales in kiosks and introduce hefty fines for selling cigarettes to minors and smoking in banned places.
Nikolai Gerasimenko, chairman of State Duma Committee on Health, said they would lobby for the hike on excise tobacco taxes, what would help to crack down the illicit market of counterfeit smokes, and make the tobacco products less affordable for adolescents.
Russian Federation is home to the lowest tobacco taxes across Europe, and that leaves a plenty of room for the officials to consider an increase.
Besides the traditional measures, such as tax increases, Russian Health officials as well propose banning tobacco advertisements on TV, print media, and public places, and create smoke-free zones in commercial centers and restaurants, which will attract more tourists to Moscow.
Mr. Gerasimenko admitted that international tobacco corporations are investing millions to boost smoking rates, without any care about health complications their race to profits causes.
Gerasimenko complained that foreign tobacco makers were making money at Russia’s expense. “They receive their incomes, whereas the state spending on their treating smoking-related diseases increases,” he added.
Yulia Grimalskaya as well admitted both the teenagers and adults have to be educated about the risks of tobacco by means of anti-smoking campaigns. The Department Mrs. Grimalskaya chairs has elaborated several campaigns, featuring TV ads and billboards showing smokers with dirty sponges in their hands, symbolizing dirty lungs of smokers. The campaign including these billboards was initiated in Moscow this winter.
In conformity with a survey, a similar anti-smoking campaign carried out in 2009, resulted in a 7 percent decline in adult smoking rates, though the data about teenage rates remained unclear.
Emotions (derives from Latin word “emoveo”, signifying “exciting, amazing”) is a special class of psychological phenomena, exhibited in a form of spontaneous, biased experience of a person connected with life sense of these phenomena.
The given class is presented by some types such as emotions of wanting: anticipation, greed, hope, envy, desire, love; emotions of not wanting: fear, shame, repulsion, contentment; emotions of having: happiness, pride, guilt, jealousy; emotions of not having: anger, sadness, distress and others. Emotions are what we feel inside of our bodies. It is good when positive emotions prevail in your life, but what should you do if it isn’t so? How do people cope with negative emotions which sometimes fill them?
It may seem strange at first sight; still women are more exposed to negative emotion’s expression. Being the representatives of the fair sex, women are more sensitive to everything; they take it too close to hearts than male sex. And the first their tranquilizer in such situations is simple cigarette. That is why it is very difficult for them to quit it even if they hunger after it.
Under the words of a leading doctor of known rehabilitation center, women have more trouble quitting cigarettes, in comparison with men, as smoking helps them to endure strong emotional shocks, problems. Most women prefer smoking tobacco to pills, being convinced that it is capable to plane state of mind and to calm them down.
Since 2006, the University of Hong Kong’s school of public health has offered gender- specific counseling under a “Smoking Cessation Service for Female Smokers.” There was carried a survey in which participated 332 women smokers. The results of this survey have revealed that the percentage of women smokers, within an average age of 35, who quit after going through the program, made up 26.5%. The number is to a little degree higher than of previous studies, in which 21.9 percent of females stated that they had dropped smoking after non-gender-specific counseling.
The professor of the department of nursing studies at the university’s Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, Sophia Chan Siu-chee, emphasized that, regardless the fact that the increase in the success rate is not substantial enough, still the effect rendered by this program is obvious. Although the majority did not quit smoking entirely, 56% of women succeeded to lower tobacco consumption, while 12% returned to their original consumption levels.
“The main reason of inability to give up this habit is smoking craving. When they are not happy, they tend to smoke. When they have discords in family, misunderstanding with beloved persons, job problems, they take cigarette”, added the professor.
The study also showed that the increase in tobacco taxes resulted to a surge in the number of women involved in the program.
The director of the school of public health, Lam Tai-hing, wailed over the fact that warnings on cigarette packs are too mild and should be reformed in order to operate and the financial secretary should think about increasing the tax again this coming budget by another 10 percent at least.
Nancy – girls smoking
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